4 tips to optimise dairy cow fertility.

4 tips to optimise dairy cow fertility.

Key take-home messages to improve fertility > Focus on the stage pre-breeding (90 days) to ensure cows conceive, as their condition at this stage affects ovulation > Provide cows with optimum levels of beta carotene and vitamin E during the dry period > Check...
Guide to effective dairy parlour cleaning.

Guide to effective dairy parlour cleaning.

Ineffective cleaning of the internal surfaces of the milking system increases the risk of bacteria and milk residues building up. As well as potentially leading to higher Bactoscans, this raises the potential for cross-infection with diseases such as mastitis from...
Water, Water Everywhere…

Water, Water Everywhere…

Fresh, clean water is critical to successful rumen development. An important part of the calf’s development is the ability of the rumen to ferment the concentrate and forage that it eats. This is termed rumen development, and is necessary before the calf can be...
Colostrum Feeding, How Much is Enough?

Colostrum Feeding, How Much is Enough?

The greatest risk occurs when the calf will receive too little colostrum, which puts the calf at great risk of disease and death. The traditional recommendation has been to feed 2 quarts of colostrum as soon as possible after birth and then again, 12 hours later. Is...
Colostrum Feeding, To Nurse or Not to Nurse.

Colostrum Feeding, To Nurse or Not to Nurse.

When a calf is born, a common question is whether to let the calf nurse the dam, or to separate the two and feed the calf with a nipple bottle or esophageal feeder. I’d like to suggest that allowing the calf to nurse the dam is a bad idea. Usually a very bad...